A compound word is like the branch of a tree, it has its basis in the Root Stem Thuo, yet it is different because it is combined with another word. "a" means without or not any. The result is the opposite of thuo.
Let's see how the different translator's handled the word a + thuo:
Col 3:21 "Fathers, do not exasperate your children, so that they will not lose heart (NASB)
Col 3:21 "Fathers, provoke not your children to anger lest they be discouraged (KJV & RSV)
Col 3:21 "Fathers don't overcorrect your children or they will grow up feeling inferior and frustrated (Phillips)
Col 3:21 "Fathers provoke not your children, that they be not discouraged (Panin's)
Col 3:21 "Ye Fathers be not irritating your children lest they be disheartened (Rotherham's)
Col 3:21 "Fathers provoke not your children to indignation lest they be discouraged (Rheim's)
More light is now shed on the word Thuo by its opposite, which is to lose heart or be discouraged. So the words spirited or passionate come to mind here. When people are free, they have courage to invent new things, but when powerful monarchs or kings rule over the people they lose heart and are discouraged.
Don't forget, we are in search of the meaning of lust as in lust of the flesh!
Stegenga's Bible Studies
(6rd in a series)
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Looking into The True Meaning of Life!